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         首页 >> 国际关系学
        更加不确定的世界,更加确定的中国外交 ——改革开放以来中国外交的整体性思考
        2019年09月25日 09:13 来源:《世界经济与政治》2018年第9期 作者:王存刚 字号

        内容摘要:

        关键词:

        作者简介:

            内容提要:世界始终具有不确定性,这与构成世界的事物的运动性和复杂性、人类认知能力的局限性等因素有关。多方面现象表明,当今世界的不确定性较以往更为显著,它构成了当代中国外交的外部环境。1978年中国共产党十一届三中全会的召开是当代中国外交的重大历史转折点。此后中国外交的演进过程虽不无曲折,但其确定性日益增强是不争的事实,具体表现为继承1949-1978年间形成的优良传统基础上的创新发展。中国共产党第十八次全国代表大会召开以来,中国外交的确定性特质进一步彰显,具体表现为国家身份的界定更加具体系统,外交目标和任务更加明晰,外交总体布局更加完整,外交体制更加完善,外交姿态更加进取。中国外交确定性特质的持续彰显,与中国共产党秉持的科学思想方法、对历史规律的深刻认识、对世界基本特点的正确判断和对中国发展道路的坚定信念等因素有关。已经学会与不确定性打交道的中国外交未来将继续彰显确定性特质,这对于回应“世界向何处去”以及“中国向何处去”两大议题是十分必要的。

            关键词:当今世界/不确定性/当代中国外交/确定性

            作者简介:王存刚,教授,博士生导师,同济大学政治与国际关系学院副院长兼外交学系主任、中国战略研究院副院长。上海 200092

            标题注释:本项研究得到教育部重大攻关项目“中国特色大国外交研究”(项目编号:15JZD032)的资助。

         

          研究中国外交,必须高度关注并深刻理解中国与世界的关系。这是因为中国外交的战略、政策及中国的对外行为既取决于世界的现况和走向,更取决于中国对这种现状和走向的认知和反应。正确的外交战略、政策和对外行为源自中国对世界现况和走向的科学认知和恰当反应?;谡庖慌卸?,本文将首先从一般意义上探讨世界的不确定性(uncertainty)及其根源,继而描述当今世界不确定性的表现并分析其原因。在此基础上,本文将回顾1978年中国共产党十一届三中全会召开以后,面对日益不确定的世界,中国外交持续彰显确定性(certainty)的特质;特别是重点描述中国共产党第十八次全国代表大会召开以来,中国外交在国家身份界定、目标和任务、总体布局、体制机制等方面的新变化,系统分析中国外交持续彰显确定性特质的原因,并对中国外交的未来走向做出判断。

        作者简介

        姓名:王存刚 工作单位:

        转载请注明来源:中国社会科学网 (责编:陈茜)
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